Muscle and ligament injuries are quite common but that does not mean that they are not serious injuries or serious conditions that can turn into bigger and worse problems over time. In fact, there are many different types of muscle, ligament, tendon, and joint injuries that one should be cautious about. Sprains, strains, tendonitis, contusions, bursitis, and other stress related injuries are all something to be watchful of. All of these different ailments including sprains, strains, and stress injuries can all occur from just one incident. Treatment and diagnosis of these injuries can be quite important to reduce re-injury as well as to make sure that larger problems do not occur because of the initial injury.
Treatment for sprains, strains, and tendonitis are quite similar. For instance, they follow the R.I.C.E. procedure. Rest comes first, followed by Ice, then Compression, and then Elevation. Tendonitis is a bit different than sprains/strains though. Tendonitis does not affect the muscle or ligament. Like the name implies, it affects the tendon. The tendon is the tissue that attaches muscle to bone. Tendonitis can occur from a one time incident, but more likely it occurs when the same repetitive action is performed. Typical tendonitis comes from extensive computer or mouse work as well as from different sports. It can be extremely painful and can also disrupt mobility and activity. The most common sports that cause tendonitis are golf, tennis, and swimmers. Treatment for tendonitis is the same as sprains/strains but it can also include anti-inflammatory medication as well as steroid injections. Then there is bursitis. Bursa is a sac that is filled with fluid that is between the bone and tendon or muscle. The bursa allows for the tendon to slide smoothly over the bone. However, when the sack becomes irritated through an injury or repetitive stresses it can become inflamed. This inflammation is called bursitis. Bursitis is known to accompany tendonitis. Therefore, it is important to think about your lifestyle and if there is a heightened chance of developing tendonitis or bursitis. For instance, if you are swimmer, tennis player, or golfer, then your chances are obviously heightened. The chances are also heightened for someone who does computer editing or a librarian who does wand swiping consistently every day. To prevent these injuries as well as sprains/strains splints or braces can be worn during these activities to give the area more strength and stability. Or for those who do computer work, ergonomic assessments and work areas are very important. These injuries can affect daily life and mobility and should be taken seriously.