Shock is an abnormal body condition where the tissues of a human body are deprived of important oxygen which is carried by blood. Shock is a result of a serious medical condition or by a traumatic or distressing injury. When a person is in shock, usually it is difficult to reverse the ill effects. But with immediate and appropriate response, the unwanted effects of a shock can be minimized. But how can you effectively treat a person in shock using first aid? Here are your first aid shock tips.
Giving first aid shock treatment to the patient must not be ceased until definitive medical action is made. The shock may be caused by a certain medical condition, so by this time, it is hard to assess for the shock. Make sure that you have the right tools and supplies in your first aid shock kit. These things should be found in your kit: surgical masks, safety goggles, sleeping pads, evacuation insurance, a watch with second hands, latex gloves, blanket, medicines, first aid class for wilderness and an evacuation plan.
Before handling the patient make sure that you clean your hands first. Using a clean water and a disinfectant soap, scrub your hands carefully. Then wear the latex gloves to prevent getting infection from diseases that may be present in the patient or on the site of the first aid shock response.
Then cover your face with a surgical mask and wear goggles. These protective gears will protect you from inhaling air borne harmful microorganisms and to prevent spurts of body fluid or blood in your face. Improvise and make use of common things in replacement of these protective facial gears. Use a bandana instead to cover your mouth. If goggles are not around, use sun glasses. Remember that when doing a first aid shock, you must also keep your self safe.
The next important thing you need to do now, is to clear the patients airway by doing CPR. If there are wounds or when nose bleeding occurs, make every way possible to prevent further bleeding. You may give blood clotting agents to the patient but make sure to identify the history of the patients medical condition. Use sleeping pad or space blanket to keep the patient warm. Have him calmed and assured of safety.
Blood flow is very crucial during a state of shock, so to allow blood flow to parts where its needed, raise the legs of the patient by eight to ten inches. Just remember, never raise the legs if there is head injury or spinal injury when doing first aid shock.